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initiative
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initiative /i"niʃiətiv/ tính từ bước đầu, khởi đầu danh từ bước đầu tiên, sự mở đầu, sự khởi xướngto lớn take the initiative sầu in something: đứng vị trí số 1 vào việc gì, làm cho đầu tàu vào câu hỏi gì; thủ xướng bài toán gìlớn have sầu the initiative: có tác dụng dẫn đầu; bao gồm quyền dẫn đầu ý tưởng, óc sáng kiến (quân sự) thay công ty độnglớn hold the initiative: rứa thay chủ động quyền đề xướng hiện tượng lệ của tín đồ công dân (Thuỵ sĩ...)
Lĩnh vực: điệnsáng sủa kiến

Từ điển chuyên ngành Thể thao: Điền kinh

Initiative

Sự chủ động, sáng kiến


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initiative

Từ điển Collocation

initiative noun

1 new plan

ADJ. fresh, new fresh initiatives khổng lồ find a peaceful end to lớn the conflict | pioneering pioneering initiatives in bioengineering | current, lademo, recent | important, major | welcome | successful | practical | exciting | private | co-operative sầu, joint | international, local, national, regional | government | business, diplomatic, economic, education/educational, environmental, kinh doanh, peace, policy, political, research, training

QUANT. range, series

VERB + INITIATIVE undertake The research initiative sầu is being undertaken by a group of environmentalists. | plan | develop | announce | introduce, launch, mix up, start The government has launched a new policy initiative sầu. | be/become involved in Ten schools have been involved in the initiative. | lead | approve | reject The peace initiative sầu was rejected out of hand. | sponsor a peace initiative sponsored by the Organization of African Unity | endorse, support The committee endorsed an initiative sầu by the chairman to lớn enter discussion about a possible merger. | welcome We welcome the government"s initiative sầu to lớn help the homeless. | praise | encourage

INITIATIVE + VERB be aimed at sth, be designed khổng lồ a local initiative sầu aimed at economic regeneration an initiative sầu designed khổng lồ promote collaborative retìm kiếm | involve sth, relate to sth | founder The initiative sầu foundered because there was no market interest in redevelopment.

PREP. ~ against a new initiative against oto theft | ~ by the lachạy thử initiative sầu by the UN Secretary General | ~ for an initiative for peace & human rights | ~ on the government"s major new initiative sầu on crime > Special page at BUSINESS

2 ability lớn decide/act independently

ADJ. considerable, great, real | individual, personal, private It is a very hierarchical company và there"s little place for individual initiative. | entrepreneurial

VERB + INITIATIVE have He had the initiative khổng lồ ask what time the last train left. | display, show | act/work on your own, use He acted on his own initiative sầu và wasn"t following orders. Don"t ask me what you should vì chưng all the time. Use your initiative! | lachồng | encourage, promote | stifle Raising taxes on small businesses will stifle initiative.

PREP.. on sb"s ~ The project was phối up on the initiative sầu of a local landowner. | ~ in Some scientists show little initiative sầu in applying their knowledge.

PHRASES a lachồng of initiative, on your own initiative sầu In an unprecedented action, the army, on its own initiative sầu, arrested seven civilians.

3 the initiative: opportunity to lớn gain an advantage

VERB + INITIATIVE have, hold After their lachạy thử setbachồng, the rebel forces no longer hold the initiative sầu. | gain, seize, take | regain In the second half, Manchester United regained the initiative sầu. | chiến bại

INITIATIVE + VERB comes from sb/sth, lie with sb The initiative sầu khổng lồ re-open negotiations came from Moscow.

PREPhường. ~ in She took the initiative in asking the board khổng lồ conduct an enquiry.

Từ điển WordNet


English Synonym và Antonym Dictionary

initiativessyn.: enterprise enterprisingness first first step go-ahead inaugural initiatory maiden opening opening move sầu
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