What is IC?

Interstitial cystitis (IC), also called bladder pain syndrome, is a chronic, or long-lasting, condition that causes painful urinary symptoms. Symptoms of IC may be different from person khổng lồ person. For example, some people feel mild discomfort, pressure, or tenderness in the pelvic area. Other people may have sầu intense pain in the bladder or struggle with urinary urgency, the sudden need to urinate, or frequency, the need lớn urinate more often.

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Health care professionals diagnose IC by ruling out other conditions with similar symptoms.

Researchers don’t know the exact cause of IC. Some researchers believe sầu IC may result from conditions that cause inflammation in various organs and parts of the toàn thân.

Severe IC symptoms can affect your quality of life. You may feel lượt thích you can’t exercise or leave your trang chủ because you have to lớn use the bathroom too often, or perhaps your relationship is suffering because sex is painful.

Working with health care professionals, including a urologist or urogynecologist, along with a pain specialist, may help improve your IC symptoms.

Interstitial cystitis (IC) can cause pain in your bladder & pelvic area.

How common is IC?

IC is comtháng. The condition may affect between 3 million & 8 million women và between 1 million & 4 million men in the United States.1

Who is more likely to lớn develop IC?

IC can occur at any age, including during childhood, but is most common in adult women & men. About twice as many women are affected as men.1 However, more men may struggle with IC than researchers originally thought.

Some retìm kiếm suggests that women are more likely to develop IC if they have sầu a history of being sexually abused or physically traumatized.2

What other health problems bởi people with IC have?

Many women with IC are more likely to lớn have sầu other conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, & chronic fatigue syndrome.3 Allergies & some autoimmune diseases are also associated with IC.4

Vulvodynia, which is chronic pain in the vulva that often causes a burning or stinging feeling, or rawness, is commonly associated with IC.2 Vulvodynia has symptoms that overlap with IC.

What are the complications of IC?

The symptoms of IC—such as urgency, frequency, and pain—may lead you to lớn decrease your physical và social activity và negatively affect your quality of life.

Women with pelvic pain or vulvodynia often have sầu pain during sexual intercourse, which can damage your relationships and self-image. Men also can experience pelvic pain that causes uncomfortable or painful sex. Sometimes sex can increase bladder pain attacks, also called symptom flares.

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Sexual complications may cause people to avoid further intimacy, possibly leading lớn depression và guilt. Like many people who deal with chronic pain, people with IC are more likely to struggle with sleep loss due khổng lồ the frequent need to lớn urinate, và with anxiety và depression.5

Medical tests such as pelvic exams và Pap tests often are painful for women with IC symptoms, especially those who may have pelvic floor muscle spasm. Don’t avoid these tests. Talk with a health care professional about how to lớn make pelvic exams & Pap tests more comfortable và how often you should have them.


<1> What is interstitial cystitis? 4 to 12 million may have IC. Interstitial Cystitis Association website. www.ichelp.org/about-ic/what-is-interstitial-cystitis/4-to-12-million-may-have-ic. Updated February 18, năm ngoái. Accessed June 14, 2017.

<2> Mayson BE, Teichman JM. The relationship between sexual abuse & interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. Current Urology Reports. 2009;10(6):441–447.

<3> Nickel JC, Tripp DA, Pontari M, et al. Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome & associated medical conditions with an emphasis on irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. The Journal of Urology. 2010;184(4):1358–1363.

<4> Ruutu M, Leppilahti M, and Sairanen J. Epidemiology. In: Nordling J, Wyndaele JJ, van de Merwe JP, Boucheloubít P, Cervigni M, Fall M, eds. Bladder Pain Syndrome: A Guide for Clinicians. Thủ đô New York, NY: Springer US; 2013:11–19.

<5> Chuang YC, Weng SF, Hsu YW, Huang CL, Wu MPhường. Increased risks of healthcare-seeking behaviors of anxiety, depression and insomnia aao ước patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis: a nationwide population-based study. International Urology and Nephrology. 2015;47(2):275–281.

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