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What is Benzene?

Benzene is one of the most commonly known aromatic compounds with chemical formula C6H6. 

Benzene is a naturally occurring substance produced by volcanoes & forest fires and present in many plants và animals, but benzene is also a major industrial chemical made from coal và oil.

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Benzene is one of the organic & simplest aromatic hydrocarbon & the parent compound of which has about a numerous number of important aromatic compounds. The compound appears lượt thích a colourless liquid having a characteristic odour. This compound is primarily utilized for producing polystyrene. It is said lớn be highly toxic in nature và is also known as a carcinogen; which exposure lớn this may lead khổng lồ leukemia.

Benzene Structure


Structure of Benzene

Structure of Benzene

The structural representation of benzene is as shown in the figure below. The chemical formula for benzene is C6H6, i.e it has 6 hydrogen- H atoms và six-carbon atoms và has an average mass of about 78.112. The structure has a six-carbon ring which is represented by a hexagon & it includes 3-double bonds. The carbon atoms are represented by a corner that is bonded khổng lồ other atoms.


Benzene Ring Structure

In benzene, the atoms are hydrogens. The double bonds within this structure are mainly separated by a single bond, hence this arrangement is recognized khổng lồ have conjugated double bonds. A circle is used as an alternative symbol inside the hexagon that is used lớn represent six pi electrons.

Due to lớn the chemical formula, benzene is categorized as a hydrocarbon. It is a compound consisting of only hydroren & carbon atoms. The formulas and structure reveal benzene as a pure aromatic hydrocarbon, wherein it is also defined as a compound composing hydrogen và carbon having alternate double bonds in the form of the ring.

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History of Benzene

Benzene was discovered in the year 1825 by Michael Faraday in illuminating gas. In the year 1834, a German chemist naming Eilhardt Mitscherlich heated the benzoic acid with lime, which produced benzene. Later In the year 1845, a German chemist named A.W. von Hofmann isolated this benzene from coal tar.

Benzene is widely utilized chemicals that are involved in various manufacturing products that we use daily such as plastics, detergents, và rubber.

Health Effects

Benzene is harmful especially to lớn the tissues that size blood cells. How benzene affects human health depend on how much and how long a person is exposed lớn it.Benzene has been recognized as a toxic substance that causes adễ thương and chronic health problems. The inhalation of benzene vapours causes irritation to the eyes & upper respiratory tract.Skin liên hệ with solvents containing benzene causes dry, itching, cracked và fissured skin.Long term inhalation of high levels of benzene results in headaches, dizziness, nausea, convulsions, coma và eventually death.Scientific evidence has established that employee exposure to lớn low levels of benzene can cause leukemia & other diseases of the blood-forming organs, such as multiple myeloma, a cancer of the plasma cells as well as anemia & low blood count which can result in tiredness, lung infections và bruising of the skin.

The study more about Benzene and its properties stay tuned with BYJU’S.

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